McLaren Racing Limited is a British motor racing group based at the McLaren Technology Centre, Woking, Surrey, England. McLaren is best known as a Formula One manufacturer and likewise has a history of contending in American open wheel racing as both an entrant and a chassis builder, and has actually won the Canadian-American Obstacle Cup (Can-Am) sports car racing championship. The group is the 2nd oldest active, and 2nd most effective Formula One group after Ferrari, having actually won 182 races, Chauffeurs' Championships and 8 Fabricators' Championships. The team is an entirely owned subsidiary of the McLaren Group. Founded in 1963 by New Zealander Bruce McLaren, the team won its first Grand Prix at the 1968 Belgian Grand Prix, however their greatest initial success remained in Can-Am, which they dominated from 1967 to 1971. Further American accomplishment followed, with Indianapolis 500 wins in McLaren automobiles for Mark Donohue in 1972 and Johnny Rutherford in 1974 and 1976. After Bruce McLaren died in a screening mishap in 1970, Teddy Mayer took over and led the group to their first Formula One Constructors' Champion in 1974, with Emerson Fittipaldi and James Hunt winning the Drivers' Championship in 1974 and 1976 respectively. The year 1974 also marked the start of an enduring sponsorship by Phillip Morris' Marlboro cigarette brand.In 1981, McLaren merged with Ron Dennis' Project 4 Racing; Dennis took over as team principal and quickly after arranged a buyout of the initial McLaren investors to take complete control of the group. This started the team's most successful era: with Porsche and Honda engines, Niki Lauda, Alain Prost, and Ayrton Senna took between them seven Chauffeurs' Championships and the group took 6 Builders' Championships. The mix of Prost and Senna was especially dominant-- together they won all but one race in 1988-- however later on their competition soured and Prost left for Ferrari. Fellow English team Williams offered the most consistent obstacle throughout this duration, the two winning every builders' title between 1984 and 1994. However, by the mid-1990s, Honda had withdrawn from Formula One, Senna had actually relocated to Williams, and the group went 3 seasons without a win. With Mercedes-Benz engines, West sponsorship, and former Williams designer Adrian Newey, further championships came in 1998 and 1999 with driver Mika HÃ¤kkinen, and during the 2000s the team were consistent front-runners, chauffeur Lewis Hamilton taking their newest title in 2008. Ron Dennis retired as McLaren team principal in 2009, turning over to long period of time McLaren staff member Martin Whitmarsh. Nevertheless, at the end of 2013, after the group's worst season since 2004, Whitmarsh was ousted. McLaren announced in 2013 that they would be using Honda engines from 2015 onwards, replacing Mercedes-Benz.
The team raced as McLaren Honda for the first time because 1992 at the 2015 Australian Grand Prix. In September 2017, McLaren announced they had agreed on an engine supply with Renault from 2018 to 2020. McLaren will return to use Mercedes-Benz engines from the 2021 season until at least 2024. After initially returning to the Indianapolis 500 in 2017 as a partner to Andretti Autosport to run Fernando Alonso, McLaren announced in August 2019 that they would run in conjunction with Arrow Schmidt Peterson Motorsports starting in 2020 to run the full IndyCar Series, the combined entry being named Arrow McLaren SP. Bruce McLaren Motor Racing was founded in 1963 by New Zealander Bruce McLaren. Bruce was a works driver for the British Formula One team Cooper with whom he had won three Grands Prix and come second in the 1960 World Champion. Wishing to complete in the Australasian Tasman Series, Bruce approached his companies, however when group owner Charles Cooper demanded using 1.5-litre Formula One-specification engines instead of the 2.5-litre motors permitted Additional info by the Tasman rules, Bruce decided to establish his own group to run him and his potential Solution One teammate Timmy Mayer with custom-made Cooper vehicles.